To understand the Bible let’s start with the most basic thing we need to do first. God says in His Word…
ALL SCRIPTURE IS GOD-BREATHED AND IS USEFUL FOR TEACHING, REBUKING, CORRECTING, AND TRAINING IN RIGHTEOUSNESS 2 Tim 3:16
Let’s start by agreeing that the Bible is the very inerrant word of God.
And let’s also confirm…
WHEN THE SPIRIT OF TRUTH COMES, HE WILL GUIDE YOU INTO ALL TRUTH. John 16.13
Without the guidance of the Holy Spirit, we cannot grasp the very words of God. For it is the Holy Spirit that leads us in the Truth of God.
Now let’s ask, why is the Bible still so hard to understand?
There are many reasons the Bible can be a difficult book. We can’t address them all, but understanding a few things about the Bible will hopefully make it easier for you to understand.
I had a huge epiphany when I studied in Israel!
The land, the people, the customs, language, the food, the mindset, and almost everything else were so different than mine! Soooo different!
This land and its people, they are the stuff of the Bible. How then, could I read God’s Word through the lens of who I am and my modern day American experience.
The bible is an ancient book, written thousands of years ago. But it is the most relevant book for our lives today!
Now here’s the thing. We cannot deeply understand the Bible if we think like 21st-century people. And most of us read the Bible using a modern mindset. No wonder we have trouble understanding it!
We are MODERN PHILOSOPHICAL WESTERN thinkers. This is so important to understand!
Our thinking is affected by the world we live in today. We are vastly affected by Greek philosophy and our western culture. Our worldview is modern. It is not grounded in ancient ways.
It is so different from the thinking and ways of the writers of the Bible!
They were ANCIENT ORIENTAL ORTHODOX thinkers. Like us, their thinking was affected by their world too. So if we want to have a better understanding of the Bible, we need to put the Words of the Bible in the context of the time and the lives of the people in the Bible.
Here’s an example. This passage is often difficult to understand.
“And Jesus went away from there, and withdrew into the district of Tyre and Sidon.
And behold, a Canaanite woman came out from the region, and began to cry out, saying, “Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David; my daughter is cruelly demon possessed.”
But He did not answer her a word. And His disciples came to Him and kept asking Him, saying, “Send her away, for she is shouting out after us.”
But He answered and said, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of Israel.”
But she came and began to bow down before Him, saying, “Lord, help me!”
And He answered and said, “It is not good to take the children’s bread and throw it to the dogs.”
But she said, “Yes, Lord; but even the dogs feed on the crumbs of the master’s table.”
Then Jesus answered and said to her, “O, woman, your faith is great; be it done as you wish. And her daughter was healed at once. Matthew 15:21-28
We need to think like a first-century Jew to understand this sometimes difficult passage. So let’s put away our modern thinking!
Jesus and His disciples went to the land of Tyre and Sidon. I did a little research and found out that Tyre and Sidon were Gentile (no Jews there) lands. Jews would not usually travel in Gentile lands. If they did they would be considered defiled. (Remember, no modern thinking!)
By now Jesus’s fame was close to Rock Star status and He would have been known everywhere He went! This scripture takes place at the height of His popularity. Certainly, His miracles would be very well known.
A Canaanite woman, a person that a good Jew would have nothing to do with, as they were evil, idol worshiping people, came to Jesus and kept calling out for help. This was most unusual during this time. Jews and Gentiles usually did not mix and certainly, a Jewish man would have very little to do with a Gentile woman!
The Gentile woman called Jesus, SON OF DAVID. This was more than amazing!
SON OF DAVID was the Jewish description for the long awaited King of the Jews. It is another word for Messiah or Christ. Jesus was the long-awaited Savior and King of Kings. This idol worshiper knew to call him SON OF DAVID!
This woman was coming to the only one who could help her even if it was totally unheard of during her time.
She had a sick demon possessed child. Even though she lived among a very evil people group and did not know the One true God, like all mothers, she loved her child. What would you do if your child was in such trouble?
Sometimes, I think we are so jaded by modern medical marvels. They are commonplace and normal in our world. We can cure so many ailments that our lives can be pretty sanitized in our affluent modern world. We don’t understand the desperate way many ancients lived. Lives were shattered by disease, mental illness, birth defects, and accidents. If this was one’s lot in life it remained unchanged!
Jesus, the Savior of the world, would not answer the Canaanite woman. He said to His disciples that He had only come to save the “lost sheep of Israel”.
Here is a little context. The Jews were often compared to sheep in the ancient writings. God used sheep, the “stuff” of their time and an everyday thing in their world, to show the Jew just how lost they were and how they needed a shepherd. Sheep cannot survive on their own. They need a shepherd. And Jesus is the Good Shepherd.
Jesus did come to save the world by dying on the cross and taking away ALL sin but during His ministry on earth, His job was to minister to the Jews. And the woman in this scripture passage was a Gentile.
But the woman would not be deterred. She came to Jesus and bowed down to Him. Again amazing! And she calls Jesus Lord,which means master and creator. She must have been so desperate!
Here is Jesus’ response to her “It is not good to take the children’s bread and throw it to the dogs“.
An odd and snarky sounding response. This is hard to understand coming from Jesus!
So, let’s put this passage into the context of the day.
Jesus often called the Jews “children”. He was their Rabbi, meaning teacher.
Bread was a staple of life in the ancient world. No wonder Jesus called Himself “the bread of life”.
And why did Jesus talk about dogs? Now we really have to put away your 21st-century thinking for this one! A dog was another name for a Gentile. The Jews called Gentiles dogs. It was common language. One that both Jews and Gentiles would understand.
In today’s thinking, this would be quite an insult. At the time this passage was written that’s just how it was!
So here is what Jesus is saying to the Canaanite woman…
My ministry is with my people, my children the Jews, and not to the Gentiles (at least not yet) who do not know or believe in my Father!
The woman’s reply astounds me! She said, Yes, Lord, acknowledging Jesus’ statement was true, and added…
But even the dogs feed on the crumbs that fall from the master’s table.
She was saying that she would take the crumbs of Jesus’ ministry and that will be sufficient!
Oh, what beautiful faith! How many of us are willing to take the crumbs. For even they are sufficient.
And because of her faith, her daughter is healed by Jesus’ word.
And like the Canaanite woman I bow to my wonderful Lord after understanding this! How can you not love Jesus when you understand!!!!!
When we can step out of our world and tread and plod through ancient lands with the ancient peoples and learn their ways we will begin to find such beautiful and deep meaning and truths in the Bible!
I love this scripture. At first glance, I wondered why Jesus was so snarky. Why He would not help. But when I understood the context of this passage and read the scripture in light of the custom and culture it made sense.
Jesus was really the amazing God I have always known Him to be. Compassionate, always calling people to a saving belief in Him. Not wanting any to perish.
What a difference when we understand.
Here are some practical things that have helped me study and understand the bible…
We should always read and study the bible starting with prayer. Ask the Holy Spirit, the One who “leads us in all truth” (Jn 16:13) to open our eyes and hearts (our mind, will, emotion and intellect) to the Word.
We should read God’s word, not for head knowledge alone, but because we want to align our lives with what God says. Transforming our lives should be our ultimate goal.
We should read the Bible asking the Holy Spirit to be our teacher. Don’t reach for commentaries or audio or video aids. Always dig into the word and mine out the treasure for yourself. God wrote His Word with YOU in mind!!!!
I keep a notebook handy to write what I am learning and to write any questions I have. I always ask the Holy Spirit to help me with my questions and to guide me to the right answer. I also thank and praise Him ahead of time for I know that He will answer my prayer!
Only after I have garnered what I can learn from the word, I consult good, God-centered commentaries and study aids. They often give the historical context of what I am studying.
Knowing God’s word takes time and effort and commitment! He gave us His word to know Him and to bring us unto Salvation and to change our lives.
We are His ambassadors to a lost, dark, and hurting world. We need to introduce them to the Bread of life and the lovers of their souls.
The next time you find scripture difficult, rejoice! Take the time to get into the word and find the context and true meaning. With the help of the Holy Spirit, you will be on the journey to finding beautiful and life changing truth.
You might want to memorize this true and beautiful scripture.
ALL SCRIPTURE IS GOD BREATHED AND USEFUL FOR TEACHING, REBUKING, CORRECTING AND TRAINING IN RIGHTEOUSNESS. 2 Tim 3:16